Econet Risk Assessment [CROW (Conserve Reading on Wednesdays)]
Date: Wednesday, 9th May 2018  (10:00 - 15:00)
Task: Composting area maintenance

Site: Five a Day Market Garden, Englefield
Site Contact: Pam Goddard 07939 671 742
Meeting Point: The Street, Englefield    Nearest Postcode: RG7 5ES    Map Ref: SU625719
Directions: The site is located in The Street, Englefield off the A340 Tidmarsh to Theale road, opposite Englefield Garden Centre.

A&E:
Royal Berkshire Hospital (7.6m)
London Road, Reading, Berkshire, RG1 5AN Telephone: 0118 322 5111

Minor Injury Unit:
West Berkshire Community Hospital (11.5m)
London Road, Benham Hill, Thatcham, Berkshire, RG18 3AS Telephone: 01635 273 300

Volunteer's Tools: Volunteers bring their own tools which must be fit for purpose, at their own risk. The Group cannot accept any responsibility for a volunteer's own tools unless by prior agreement.

Volunteer's Dogs: Dogs should only be brought to sites where they will not disturb wildlife and other livestock and where it is acceptable to the management and other users of the site. Dogs are brought at the owner's own risk, the group cannot accept any responsibility for their wellbeing.

Assessment Summary: General Conservation Activities; Ground clearance, gardening; Small carpentry;



General Conservation Activities
Last updated: 13/04/2018 14:34:36
Typical uncontrolled outcomes
Minor cuts and bruises; burns; lower back pain; verbal abuse; electric shock; contracting disease; blisters; sunburn; Lyme Disease
Typical groups at risk
Volunteers; general public
  Hazards
  • Slips, trips and falls
  • Contact with hand tools
  • Manual handling
  • Contact with services
  • Contact with traffic
  • Volunteer's dogs
  • Contact with micro organisms
  • Irritant or poisonous plants
  • Insect bites and stings
  • Weather conditions
Controls
  • Keep site and materials tidy.
  • Make safe trip hazards highlighting any where this is not possible.
  • Tools (including volunteer's own) should be in good state of repair and fit for purpose.
  • Where possible tools being transported should be contained within tool bag(s) with blades guarded.
  • Give tools talk at start of task to impart and reinforce knowledge. (Volunteers should know name, purpose and correct manner of use of tools, including carrying techniques, storage, safe working distances and applicable protective clothing.)
  • Set aside damaged or blunt tools for maintenance or to be discarded.
  • Sturdy footwear should be worn.
  • Swinging tools should not be used with gloves (at least not on the hand gripping the tool) or in wet conditions; observe safe working distances.
  • Regularly check that safe working distances are being observed.
  • Tools not in use should be stored in tool bag or laid on ground in clear view where not a trip hazard.
  • Demonstrate safe lifting and handling techniques.
  • If available, use wheelbarrows and other handling aids to move heavier items.
  • Ensure routes for transporting tools and materials are kept clear.
  • Check for services as part of site inspection, mark and avoid. Avoid felling near overhead services. Pole saws must not be used within 15m of overhead electricity cables and power lines. Where underground services suspected, use hand tools for digging within 1m of line, do not use crowbars.
  • Unload vehicles away from traffic. Use tape, warning signs or cones where appropriate. Post lookouts to slow traffic whilst vehicles are manoeuvring.
  • Park vehicles to enable quick access and departure in emergency, and to allow access by emergency services.
  • Protect any cuts, advise all volunteers to ensure tetanus inoculation. Avoid contact with stream and pond water. Wear gloves when handling soil.
  • Warn of possible presence of irritant plants. Wear gloves and long sleeves when working with or near irritant plants; wash exposed skin thoroughly after work.
  • Wear long sleeves if biting insects may be present, use insect repellent. If wasp or bees' nest found, highlight and stop working in immediate vicinity.
  • Provide information about ticks and Lyme disease including symptoms. Advise volunteers to wear boots, long trousers and tops with sleeves to avoid ticks, tuck trousers into socks, and after task to check for ticks and bites and to seek immediate medical advise if they have concerns. Note: Although most common from late spring until autumn, tick bites can occur at any time of the year whenever the conditions exist for ticks to be active.
  • In hot or sunny conditions, keep skin covered and use high factor sun cream on exposed skin; stop work if volunteers ill attired for conditions, in discomfort or the work is increasing in risk.
  • Always wash hands or use cleansing wipes or gel before eating, drinking or smoking.
  • Dogs brought by volunteers to tasks must be well behaved and under the control of their owner at all times, they must not put volunteers or others at risk by causing a distraction or otherwise disrupting the task.
Ground clearance, gardening
Last updated: 13/06/2016 16:41:48
Typical uncontrolled outcomes
Cuts and sprains; puncture wounds; strained back; crush injuries; Toxocariasis; Toxoplasmosis; Phytophotodermatitis
Typical groups at risk
Volunteers; other site users; general public
  Hazards
  • Contact with hand tools
  • Slips, trips and falls
  • Thorny material
  • Strains
  • Handling rubbish and waste material
  • Contact with hazardous plants
  • Animal faeces
  • Soil borne infections
  • Irritant or poisonous plants
Controls
  • Tools: See "General Conservation Activities" risk assessment
  • Slips, trips and falls: See "General Conservation Activities" risk assessment
  • Warn if thorny plants present and wear gloves and goggles when working with such plants.
  • Clear ground of thorns and other sharp objects before kneeling.
  • Thin shrubs from the outside to the centre.
  • Keep work areas clear and tidy, removing waste frequently.
  • Demonstrate safe lifting and handling techniques.
  • If available, use wheelbarrows and other handling aids to move heavier items.
  • Ensure routes for transporting tools and materials are kept clear.
  • Take frequent breaks when undertaking heavy or repetitive tasks such as when hammering or using slasher or strimmer, or alternate with other (lighter) task to reduce risk of strains and injuries associated with vibration and repetitive movement.
  • Gloves should be worn when handling or clearing rubbish, use litter pickers when collecting litter.
  • Bags of rubbish should not be held close to body, if available use wheelbarrow or carry between two people.
  • Warn of possible presence of irritant plants. Wear gloves and long sleeves when working with or near irritant plants; wash exposed skin thoroughly after work.
  • Animal faeces should be removed using bags or burying where will not be disturbed, avoid skin contact.
  • Wear gloves when working in or handling soil.
  • Wear gloves when working with animal manure, avoid skin contact.
  • Always wash hands or use cleansing wipes or gel before eating, drinking or smoking.
Small carpentry
Last updated:
Typical uncontrolled outcomes
Cuts and bruise; electric shock; sprains; asthma and ill health
Typical groups at risk
Volunteers; general public
  Hazards
  • Contact with hand tools
  • Electricity
  • Overcrowding of work space
  • Slips, trips and falls
  • Contact with treated timber
  • Dust
Controls
  • Tools: See "General Conservation Activities" risk assessment
  • Electrical equipment to be maintained.
  • Electrical tools must not to be used in damp conditions.
  • Electrical tools should be either 110v or battery for outside use.
  • Safe working distances must be observed, sufficient supervision for younger groups provided.
  • Frequent breaks must be taken when working with power tools.
  • Walkways must be kept clear of waste, tools and equipment.
  • Treated timber should be dry and protective gloves worn when handling.
  • Waste treated timber must be disposed of via waste facility and not burnt.
  • Sanding must only be done in adequately ventilated work areas and dust masks should be worn.
PPE
Rigger gloves;

Ground clearance, gardening: Goggles; Litter pickers;

Actual items needed may vary according to the task.

Background Information

Lyme Disease
Bacterial infection transmitted from animals to humans by tick bites. Animal hosts include deer, foxes, sheep, squirrels and rodents. Ticks are most active in the early summer and autumn although they may be found at other times. They are often located on tall vegetation in woodlands and heaths from where they can attach themselves to their host. To protect yourself wear long sleeves and long trousers tucked in to your socks. Check for ticks on your return home, if found it should be removed immediately. Removal is best achieved with fine-toothed tweezers, pulling steadily away from the skin.

Only a small minority of tick bites carry Lyme Disease. Symptoms include a red, expanding rash parts of which may clear as it enlarges resulting in a "bull's-eye" appearance. Other symptoms are fatigue, chills, fever, headache, muscle and joint aches, and swollen lymph nodes. If you think you may have contacted Lyme Disease please seek medical advise immediate. Treatment is with antibiotics, without treatment a number of serious conditions can arise including a viral-like meningitis, facial palsy, other nerve damage or arthritis.

Further information can be found on the NHS Choices website, www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Pages/BodyMap.aspx?Index=L

Last updated:

Phytophotodermatitis
Phytophotodermatitis is a rash which occurs when the sap of certain plants comes in to contact with the skin and is then exposed to the sunlight. The rash usual appears after about 24 hours and may be an odd shape, appear bruised, or develop blisters. Plants that may cause the condition include members of the carrot and parsley family.
Last updated:

Toxocariasis
Toxocariasis is a rare infection caused by roundworm parasites which is spread from animals (particularly cats, dogs and foxes) via their infected faeces. For most these larvae cause no symptoms and die within a few months. However, some may experience mild symptoms such as a cough, high temperature (fever), headaches or stomach pain. In rare cases, organs such as the liver, lungs, eyes or brain become infected causing severe symptoms such as fatigue, loss of appetite, breathing difficulties and blurred or cloudy vision in one eye.

Further information can be found on the NHS Choices website, www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Pages/BodyMap.aspx?Index=T

Last updated:

Toxoplasmosis
Toxoplasmosis is a common infection that occurs in most birds and mammals, including humans. Signs of toxoplasmosis include mild flu-like symptoms, such as high temperature, sore throat and aching muscles. However, in most cases, toxoplasmosis doesn't cause any symptoms although serious complications may arise in those with weakened immune systems.

Congenital toxoplasmosis is also more serious and occurs when a woman becomes infected during pregnancy and passes the infection on to her unborn baby. This can result in the baby developing serious health problems such as blindness and brain damage.

Toxoplasmosis is caused by infection with a common parasite called Toxoplasma gondii which amongst various sources can be found in cat faeces and soil contaminated with infected cat faeces.

Further information can be found on the NHS Choices website, www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Pages/BodyMap.aspx?Index=T

Last updated:

   Econet's Health and Safety Policy can be found in the "About Us" section of our website at www.econetreading.org.uk/admin.

   15 April 2018 13:09 T1805091738